Besakih Temple Bali Religious Tourism Destination 2024

Besakih Temple Bali

Besakih Temple Bali Becomes The Best Religious Tourism Destination

Bali Travel – Bali has many temples or places of worship such as the Hindu Besakih Bali Temple Tour. One of them is Besakih Temple. Besakih Temple is the largest temple in Indonesia. Another name of Besakih Temple is Pura Agung Besakih. When entering the Besakih Temple area, you will see stairs and a very large gate. The gate is the entrance to the Penataran Agung Besakih temple area.

Besakih Temple was built by a Hindu religious figure from India who settled on the island of Java, his name is Rsi Markandeya. At that time Besakih Temple Bali temple tour Java island was still one. Because of its length, this island is called Dawa island (Javanese language) which means long island. At first, Rsi Markandeya meditated on Mount Hyang or Mount Dieng in Central Java. After a long period of meditation, Rsi Markandeya received a revelation to explore the Dawa island forest from south to north.

Meaning of the Name Besakih Temple Bali

Besakih Temple Bali
Besakih Temple Bali

At the place where Rsi Markandeya roamed the forest, he planted a jug containing five precious metals: silver, bronze, gold, iron and copper as well as holy water. Today the Balinese call these metals Pancadatu. Not only metals he also planted Mirahadi gems which means the main mirah. This planting place is called Basuki which means safe.

The reason the name Besuki was given was because at the time of the seizure, all of Rsi Markandeya’s followers were safe in carrying out their duties. Then it is now known as Besakih. Besakih Temple Bali Tourism is from a very old era. It can be seen from the relics of the megalithic era, such as menhirs, stone thrones, pyramid terraces, which until now these relics are still preserved.

Beauty at Bali Besakih Temple

For visitors who want to pray, Besakih Temple Bali is open 24 hours. However, for tourists who just want to enjoy its beauty, the temple opens visiting hours from 08.00 to 17.00. The trip can be taken about 2 hours 30 minutes from the airport heading east. The Besakih Temple complex is very large, it can take approximately 1 hour to go around. Near Besakih temple there is a challenging attraction, namely the rafting site or what is known as rafting on the Telaga Waja river.

There are three main temples that are the core of the entire sacred building. Visitors will feel the spiritual and magical nuances that are so thick when in the Besakih Temple Bali Tourism area. The expanse of nature looks so beautiful when viewed from a height. For tourists who want to use the services of a guide, then have to spend Rp. 50,000 to Rp. 100,000 depending on the number of groups.

Thick with Spiritual Atmosphere

Every religious ceremony, the building in the temple will be decorated so that it looks beautiful and thick with spiritual atmosphere. Pujawali activities are held regularly every purnama kedasa which falls in April. This activity is held for three weeks. Not only that, there is also the Panca Wali Krama ceremony which is held every 10 years and the Eka Dasa Ludra ceremony which will be held once every 100 years.

As the center of Hindu temple in Bali, Besakih Temple is proposed as a world heritage. Tour providers always include Besakih Temple Bali in their Besakih tour packages in Bali. The concept of the Besakih Bali temple building, describes the Tri Hita Kirana which until now has been the belief of Hindus in Bali.

Three Main Temples in Bali

Eighteen separate sanctuaries belonging to different regencies and caste groups surround three main temple dedicated to Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. For the Balinese, visiting the temple sanctuaries is a special pilgrimage. The mountain-top setting gives each one an almost mystical quality.

The largest on the island, this massive complex of 35 small temple attracts staggering numbers each year, becoming a major point of pilgrimage for Balinese Hindus. Steps ascend through a separate gate to the main courtyard where the Trinity temples, dedicated to Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu, are wrapped in cloth and decorated with floral offerings. There are a number of temples but many of their inner courtyards are closed to visitors or tourists.

Tracing its origins to prehistoric times, the complex was untouched by the massive eruption of Mount Agung in 1963, which wiped out the surrounding villages. The complex also houses Bali’s oldest gamelan instrument called selonding. The temple basakih ceremony (odalan) falls on the 10th month of the Balinese calendar, in April. If you are traveling, try to reach Besakih Temple Bali before 9am. When many tour buses start to arrive, so we can take in the beautiful temple in the quiet Balinese morning.

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The Fun Facts of Besakih Temple Bali

Besakih Temple Bali, located on the slopes of Mount Agung in Bali, is the largest and holiest temple on the island. Here are some interesting facts about one of the best Temple in Bali:

  1. Mother Temple of Bali: Besakih is often referred to as the “Mother Temple of Bali” as it is the most important and significant hindu temple on the island. It is the spiritual center for the Balinese Hindu population.
  2. Ancient Origins: The temple complex dates back to at least the 8th century, making it one of the oldest temple in Bali. Its ancient roots are tied to the island’s rich cultural and religious history.
  3. Pura Basukian Architecture: Besakih Temple consists of a complex of 23 separate but related temple. The main temple is Pura Penataran Agung, dedicated to Shiva. Each of the smaller temple is dedicated to different Hindu deities.
  4. Sacred Volcanic Setting: Situated on the slopes of Mount Agung, the highest volcano in Bali, Besakih Temple offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape. The temple complex is built at different levels, reflecting the cosmic levels of Mount Meru, the mythical mountain in Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain cosmology.
  5. Piodalan Ceremony: Besakih Temple hosts the annual Piodalan ceremony, a major religious event that attracts thousands of worshippers. This ceremony, dedicated to the anniversary of the temple’s founding, involves elaborate rituals, prayers, and offerings.
  6. Survived Eruptions: Besakih Temple has withstood the test of time and natural disasters. Despite being located on the slopes of an active volcano, the temple has survived volcanic eruptions, including the devastating eruption of Mount Agung in 1963.
  7. Spiritual Significance: Balinese Hindus believe that Besakih Hindu Temple is a central point of spiritual energy and that it connects the island’s various directional temples. Pilgrims from all over Bali visit Besakih to seek blessings and perform religious ceremonies.
  8. Unique Architecture: The architecture of Besakih Temple reflects a harmonious blend of Balinese architecture and ancient Indonesian influences. The intricate stone carvings, stepped terraces, and symbolic statues contribute to the unique and captivating aesthetics of the temple.

Visiting Besakih Temple Bali provides a glimpse into Bali’s rich cultural and religious heritage, as well as an opportunity to appreciate the natural beauty of its volcanic surroundings.